September 2006 Newsletter
 This Month 
Watch Your Manners in Greece: On A Boat (part II) Special Feature : The Salt in the Soup
What's New!!!! Featured Destination : Andros 
Saint Namedays in September September 's Recipe : Kremmidosoupa Me Tiri 
Suggestions & Comments Subscription Information
September's Recipe:
Kremmidosoupa Me Tiri

(Onion Soup with Cheese)
        
 
 
Ingredients:
 
- 7/8 cup / 200 g butter
- 4 medium onions, sliced
- 2 tbsp all-purpose flour
- 2 cups / 500ml clear meat stock
- 2 cups / 500ml milk
- 4 slices of white bread
- 2 cups /125g coarsely grated kefalotiri cheese


Preparation:

Melt half the butter in a pan and fry the onions until transparent.  Add the flour, stirring constantly.  Fry the roux until golden brown, then add the mat stock, stirring constantly, and season with salt and pepper.  Leave to simmer over a moderate heat for about 5 minutes.  Heat 2 cups / 500 ml water.  Quickly bring the milk to a boil in a pan.  Combine the water and milk and stir into the soup.  Leave to simmer over a moderate heat for a further 10 minutes.  Meanwhile, dice the slices of white bread and fry in the remaining butter.  Serve the hot soup in bowls, scatter with the croutons, and sprinkle with the grated cheese.

Alternative:  fry the slices of bread whole, place one in each bowl, sprinkle with cheese, and pour the hot soup over the bread.

 
Excerpts from: "Culinaria Greece"

Catch some great deals at our recently updated Bargain Corner. New offers and specials added weekly
[click here]
 

Watch Your Manners In Greece
On A Boat (part II)

Continued from August's issue...

Tips for an ideal guest:

- He/she must always arrive at the pre-arranged time, and not at the moment of departure since the latter requires certain time-consuming procedures.

- Must always bring along a gift, usually something for consumption (food or drinks) or perhaps a decorative ornament for the boat.  If he has been asked to bring something specific, this is not considered a gift.

- He/she should not go on board wearing city shoes.  The latter should be placed in a special box and the guest should walk barefoot.  The reason for this is that the boat's sensitive floor may be scratched and wrecked.  Consequently, it is unacceptable (not to mention out of place) for a lady to totter around on deck wearing high heels.

- Since space is limited, a guest must only bring what is absolutely necessary.  Twenty-three Luis Vuitton bags is a bit of an exaggeration.

- Travelers must respect the boat and its owner.  He/she may feel at home, but should treat the boat as his/her house - cigarettes should not be put out anywhere and ash spilled on the floor, furniture should not be moved around and the guest should not leave his/her toiletries here and there.

- Sarcasm, criticism, gossiping, dissension, grumbling, complaints and oddities must all be left on the shore. If we wish to prevent the boat from becoming a psychiatric asylum, there's only one correct attitude: to be in good spirits.

- Smoking is not allowed indoors unless the caption or ship-owner allows us to do so.

- If we're asked to do a menial job, refusing is not an option.  We should respond eagerly to anything that we might be asked to do.

- A good traveler must always keep himself or herself clean.  The guest must often take a shower - since being exposed to the sun causes perspiration, which consequently causes unpleasant odors.  Bearing this in mind, he/she must be aware that clean water is limited on board and conserving water is crucial. 

- Contemporary yachts have a sanitary tank, which is emptied mid-sea.  If, however, our host's yacht does not include such a commodity, the guests must avoid using the toilet while the boat has anchored at a bay.  People swimming in the sea will not appreciate the view.

- Travelers must respect the environment and should avoid littering the sea or seashore.

- The crew are not our servants, but people just doing their job.  This means we must always be co-operative and polite towards them. 

- If we have no mobile phone reception, we should avoid using the yacht's satellite phone: it coasts a fortune (approx. 8 euros per minute).

- Ladies wishing to sunbathe on board must be decently dressed, so as not to "distract" the crew.

- On leaving the yacht, we must thank our host, the captian and the crew.  If granted permission from our host, we may leave a tip in an envelope for the yacht's crew.

Excerpt from "Watch Your Manners In Greece" by Christos K. Zampounis

 
Special Feature: The Salt in the Soup
 
In ancient times, salt was already indispensable for seasoning.  At first it was evidently less often used just to flavor food, but more as a way of preserving fish and meat - there are countless sources containing references praising salted tuna fish.  Salt was also important in the production of a strong, spicy fish sauce (igaros, Roman igarum), which formed part of many dishes in which you would not expect to find it today.  Various kinds of fish and fish waster were mixed with salt and fermented in the sun in large earthenware pots for three or four months, while being constantly stirred.  After being strained, flavored with herbs, and transferred to more manageable clay jars, igaros would keep for a relatively long time.  You have to imagine a product something like the Asian fish sauce.

Good sea salt should not be bleached and
should feel slightly moist.  The biggest salt
suppliers get their salt from central Greece.
 

It is unnecessary to stress the importance of salt in modern Greek cooking But salt production is inextricably linked to one of the unforgettable names in Greek history, which will never lose its importance for Greek national feeling.  The modern day salt center for the country lies very close to the town of Missolonghi, which is situated on the Gulf of Patras in the southwest of central Greece and was a center of Greek resistance at the beginning of the 19th century.   The major Greek salt companies are located here.  As in the other salt producing regions of the world, salt is produced by channeling seawater into big, shallow evaporating pans, in which the first pollutants can settle to the bottom, and the salt content of the water can be increased by repeatedly letting new sweater.  These pans feed the salt gardens, where the water finally evaporates in the sun until the crystallized salt remains.  About one third of the world demand for salt is produced from the sea in Greece and France.  Unlike tock salt, sea salt contains very small amounts of additional minerals such as bromine or iodine.  The latter regulates the metabolism and the functioning of the thyroid gland, so sea salt can prevent iodine deficiency and the symptoms connected with it.  high quality sea salt is sold unrefined, unbleached and without anti-caking agents.  It is pale gray and lumpy. 

The salt pans of Missolonghi are also home to a huge variety of birds.  Avocets, great white herons, and stilts are as much at home here as calandra, crested, and short toed larks.  There are plenty of fish here for them. 

 

Natural Iodized Greek Sea Salt Kalas 400gr Natural Iodized Greek Sea Salt Kalas 400gr
Cooking Iodized sea salt with equal sized granules. From sea and sun. Vacuum refined. For all houselod purposes.


 

 What's New!!!
Featured New Additions
 

New additions to our Posters of Greece


A new collection of posters from Greece is now available. The new additions include several well know landmarks and points of interest including the Erechteion (and the Karyatides), the Delphi Tholos (sanctuary of Athena), multiple views of the Parthenon including an aerial view, the temple of Poseidon, and the Mykonos Windmills. In addition, we also have unique watercolor prints of Greek landscapes. These landscapes were painted by Bill Williams, a painter that traveled extensively around Greece and captured using his watercolors some of the most picturesque scenes of Greece.

Visit our poster section [here]
 
   

Traditional Greek Dance DVD

These instructional Greek dance DVD features the complete instructional guide to the folklore dances from various regions of Greece. Through a live professional instructor step-by-step foot sequences are shown required to perform the dances. Moreover, professional dance ensembles are shown to perform the dances in their traditional regional costumes.

 

    

 

Music & DVDs
Panos Kiamos, Monima Erotevmenos

Panos Kiamos, Monima Erotevmenos
Hrispa, Posa Hrostao

Hrispa, Posa Hrostao
 
Sotis Volanis, Sotis Volanis Vol. 2

Sotis Volanis, Sotis Volanis Vol. 2
 
Stelios Dionisiou, M

Stelios Dionisiou, M'Agapas H N'arhiso Na Pino
Giorgos Lebesis, To Kalokeri Afto

Giorgos Lebesis, To Kalokeri Afto
Kostas Karafotis, H Kardia Mou Selida Girizi

Kostas Karafotis, H Kardia Mou Selida Girizi
 
Glykeria, Vrohi Ton Asterion

Glykeria, Vrohi Ton Asterion
Greek Mix 2006 (2CD) 54 Dance Hits

Greek Mix 2006 (2CD) 54 Dance Hits
The 11th Day DVD (NTSC)

The 11th Day DVD (NTSC)
FIFA World Cup Germany 2006 : All the Goals DVD (PAL)

FIFA World Cup Germany 2006 : All the Goals DVD (PAL)
20 Original Greek Dances DVD (NTSC)

20 Original Greek Dances DVD (NTSC)
 
Traditional Greek Dances of Ipiros, Thessaly, Roumeli and Peloponnese DVD (NTSC)

Traditional Greek Dances of Ipiros, Thessaly, Roumeli and Peloponnese DVD (NTSC)
Traditional Greek Dances of Ionian Island, Cyclades, East Aegeau, Dodecauese and Cyprus DVD (NTSC)

Traditional Greek Dances of Ionian Island, Cyclades, East Aegeau, Dodecauese and Cyprus DVD (NTSC)
Traditional Greek Dances of Crete, Asia Minor and Pontos DVD (NTSC)

Traditional Greek Dances of Crete, Asia Minor and Pontos DVD (NTSC)
 
Traditional Greek Dances of Thrace, North Thrace and Macedonia DVD (NTSC)

Traditional Greek Dances of Thrace, North Thrace and Macedonia DVD (NTSC)
Children's Music
Babies Party

Babies Party
 
Mia Oraia Petalouda

Mia Oraia Petalouda
Itan ena mikro karavi

Itan ena mikro karavi
Perna Perna I Melissa

Perna Perna I Melissa
Ambembablom

Ambembablom
 
Zoom Zoom I Melissa

Zoom Zoom I Melissa
Ah Kounelaki

Ah Kounelaki
 
Giro Giro Oloi

Giro Giro Oloi
Tragoudakia gia ta mamounia

Tragoudakia gia ta mamounia
H Hionati kai oi Epta Nanoi and four more Greek Fairy tales

H Hionati kai oi Epta Nanoi and four more Greek Fairy tales
Oi mithoi tou Aisopou, Aesops Fables

Oi mithoi tou Aisopou, Aesops Fables
H kokkinoskoufitsa

H kokkinoskoufitsa
 
O pinokio and five more children stories

O pinokio and five more children stories
 
Ta paramithia tis giagias - Fairy Tales in Greek

Ta paramithia tis giagias - Fairy Tales in Greek
H stahtopouta

H stahtopouta
 
 Books, Maps & Software
Athens and Acropolis Travel Guide

Athens and Acropolis Travel Guide
Map of Athens (Attica Piraeus Greece)

Map of Athens (Attica Piraeus Greece)
 
Dean Tavoularis (a book of his work in English and in Greek)

Dean Tavoularis (a book of his work in English and in Greek)
To Thauma tis Portogalias by Yiannis Daras

To Thauma tis Portogalias by Yiannis Daras
 
Mystikon Filakas Aggelos by Mihalis Barbarousis (2 volumes)

Mystikon Filakas Aggelos by Mihalis Barbarousis (2 volumes)
 
Frappe Nation by Daniel Young

Frappe Nation by Daniel Young
EuroTalk Talk More!  Greek (Win/Mac)

EuroTalk Talk More! Greek (Win/Mac)
     
 Jewelry & Accessories
Wearable Worrybead Bracelet 110954

Wearable Worrybead Bracelet 110954
Colorful Evil Eye Bracelet 111204

Colorful Evil Eye Bracelet 111204
Wearable Worrybead Necklace 140851 Blue

Wearable Worrybead Necklace 140851 Blue
Wearable Worrybead Necklace 140851 Orange

Wearable Worrybead Necklace 140851 Orange
 
Evil Eye Bracelet B24

Evil Eye Bracelet B24
 
20 Lepta Neckalce and Bracelet Set ( Black )

20 Lepta Neckalce and Bracelet Set ( Black )
20 Lepta Neckalce and Bracelet Set ( Blue )

20 Lepta Neckalce and Bracelet Set ( Blue )
 
20 Lepta Neckalce and Bracelet Set ( Pink )

20 Lepta Neckalce and Bracelet Set ( Pink )
Faux Evil Eye Bracelet B12

Faux Evil Eye Bracelet B12
Twenty Lepta Keychain with Evil Eye 121028

Twenty Lepta Keychain with Evil Eye 121028
Good Luck Charm Keychain with blue glass evil eye 121410

Good Luck Charm Keychain with blue glass evil eye 121410
Keychain with Greek Flag and Alexander the Great / Symbol of Vergina 123305

Keychain with Greek Flag and Alexander the Great / Symbol of Vergina 123305
Children

Children's Evil Eye Bracelet P02
 
European Union Flag 3 x 5 ft.

European Union Flag
3 x 5 ft.

 
 T-shirts & Sweatshirts
Olive Branches and Marathon Runners Tshirt 10016

Olive Branches and Marathon Runners Tshirt 10016
Olive Branches and Marathon Runners Sweatshirt 10016

Olive Branches and Marathon Runners Sweatshirt 10016
The only think I know is that I don

The only think I know is that I don't know anything Tshirt 13
The only think I know is that I don

The only think I know is that I don't know anything Sweatshirt 13
Ancient Olympia Lithography Tshirt 342

Ancient Olympia Lithography Tshirt 342
Ancient Olympia Lithography Sweatshirt 342

Ancient Olympia Lithography Sweatshirt 342
 
Odyssey Lines 1-5 Tshirt 336

Odyssey Lines 1-5 Tshirt 336
Odyssey Lines 1-5 Sweatshirt 336

Odyssey Lines 1-5 Sweatshirt 336
Greek Island Ikaria Tshirt 220

Greek Island Ikaria Tshirt 220
Greek Island Ikaria Sweatshirt 220

Greek Island Ikaria Sweatshirt 220
Greek Island Lahonia Tshirt 211

Greek Island Lahonia Tshirt 211
Greek Island Lahonia Sweatshirt 211

Greek Island Lahonia Sweatshirt 211
Greek Island Messinia Tshirt 212

Greek Island Messinia Tshirt 212
Greek Island Messinia Sweatshirt 212

Greek Island Messinia Sweatshirt 212
Children

Children's All Wild Boys Tshirt Style 10017B
Children

Children's All Wild Boys Sweatshirt Style 10017B
Children

Children's All Wild Girls Tshirt Style 10018B
Children

Children's All Wild Girls Sweatshirt Style 10018B
 
Dolphin Tshirt Style 446B

Dolphin Tshirt Style 446B
Dolphin Sweatshirt Style 446B

Dolphin Sweatshirt Style 446B
 Posters
Fence with Flowers by Bill Williams 11 x 13.5 in
Fence with Flowers by Bill Williams 11 x 13.5 in
 
Mount Athos by Bill William 15 x 20 in.
Mount Athos by Bill William 15 x 20 in.
Mykonos Windmill by Bill Williams 16 x 16 in.
Mykonos Windmill by Bill Williams 16 x 16 in.
Osios Lukas by Bill Williams 15 x 20 in.
Osios Lukas by Bill Williams 15 x 20 in.
Parthenon by Bill Williams 13.5 x 20 in.
Parthenon by Bill Williams 13.5 x 20 in.
 
Ladder With Flowers by Bill Williams 9.5 x 14.5 in
Ladder With Flowers by Bill Williams 9.5 x 14.5 in
 
Makronitsa by Bill Williams 16 x 19 in.
Makronitsa by Bill Williams 16 x 19 in.
Street With Windmill by Bill Williams 14.5 x 20 in.
Street With Windmill by Bill Williams 14.5 x 20 in.
The Boats by Bill Williams 15 x 20 in.
The Boats by Bill Williams 15 x 20 in.
Poster of Acient Olympia Lithography
Poster of Acient Olympia Lithography
Poster of Athens Aerial View
Poster of Athens Aerial View
Poster of Delphi - Sanctuary of Athena, Tholos Temple
Poster of Delphi - Sanctuary of Athena, Tholos Temple
Poster of Erechtheion And Caryatides
Poster of Erechtheion And Caryatides
Poster of Mykonos Windmills
Poster of Mykonos Windmills
Poster of Parthenon at Night
Poster of Parthenon at Night
Poster of Parthenon at Sunset
Poster of Parthenon at Sunset
Poster of the Lighting of the Olympic Flame at Olympia
Poster of the Lighting of the Olympic Flame at Olympia
Poster of Sounion Temple of Poseidon
Poster of Sounion Temple of Poseidon
 
Poster of Virgin Mary Gyko Filousa
Poster of Virgin Mary Gyko Filousa
Small Poster of Ancient Acropolis
Small Poster of Ancient Acropolis
Small Poster of Ancient Athens
Small Poster of Ancient Athens
       

  Featured Destination: Lesbos (Mytilene)


GEOGRAPHY.
Lesbos or Mytilene is the third largest of Greek islands, after Crete and Euboia. It lies at the very edge of the northeast Aegean, only 6.5 nautical miles from the coast of Turkey. 1630 sq. km. in area, with 370km. of coastline, it is 187 nautical miles from Piraeus and has a population of 88,601. Lesbos comprises a separate Prefecture, also including Lemnos and Aghios Efstratios. There are daily car and passenger ferries from Piraeus and once a week a boat to Thessaloniki and Kavala. There is also a link with Chios and, via the Piraeus -Kavala route, with Samos, Ikaria, the Dodecanese, Cyclades and Crete. Local services operate between Lemnos, Aghios Efstratios and Kavala. In the summertime a local craft sails to Alvali in Turkey (16 nautical miles). There are daily flights from Athens. Although the terrain is mountainous (highest peak Olympos, 940 m. a.s.l.) there are fertile valleys in between and water in abundance, especially on the south coast round the gulf of Gera. The second largest bay, that of Kalloni, lies between the north and east parts of the island, which are mainly of igneous rocks and have sparse vegetation cover. Indeed, the formation of the island is attributed to volcanic activity, since it must originally have been joined to the coast opposite. The numerous thermal springs and petrified forest at Sigri are probably also due to this vulcanicity.
Lesbos casts its own magic spell on those who come here. It is quite unlike other islands with its verdant scenery, indented coastline with secret coves, and monuments of all eras, little wonder visitors flock here in thousands, each guaranteed an unforgettable stay. Facilities for tourists are of a high standard and the good road network enables those with their own transport to drive around easily. The capital is Mytilene from where all roads radiate to the island's town and villages.


HISTORY.
The island's privileged position, in conjunction with its exceptional geomorphology and natural environment, determined its fate throughout the centuries. It was first inhabited in prehistoric times (3000 BC and in circa 1000 BC Aeolian colonisers settled here, establishing several important cities - Mytilene, Methymna, Eressos, Antissa, Pyrra, Arisbe. Antissa was laid waste by the Romands in 168 BC, Pyrra's declinne had already set in in Hellenistic times and Arisbe was destroyed quite early. Home of poets, phlosophers, historians and musicians (Pittakos, Theophrastus, Sappho Alkaios, Arion), Lesbos attained its zenith between the 7th and 6th century BC. It was captured by the Persians, joined the Athenian League for a short period and then passed in turn to the Macedonians, Ptolemies and Romans. in the Byzantine era it belonged to the Thema of the Aegean and was continually harassed by pirates. After the sacking of Constantinople by the Franks it belonged to the Latin Empire of Constantinople until 1247. In 1344 the emperor  John Palaeologus ceded it to the Genoese. It was ruled by the Gatelousi family and experienced a second period of acme without losing its Byzantine character. From 1462 until the 1821 War of Independence it was occupied by the Turks. Liberated in 1912 it was immediately incorporated in the Greek state. Just 10 years later (1922) refugees from the disastrous Asia Minor campaign flocked here in their thousands and many settled. Even in modern times art and literature continued to flourish on Lesbos and it was the birthplace of several outstanding Greek painters and men of letters (Myrivilis, Venezis, Eftaliotis, Elytis, Theophilos).

SIGHTS-MONUMENTS.

The island's capital, Mytilene, is built on the incredibly beautiful wooded slopes of a hill, the trees reaching down to the seashore. The mass of its castle and the large statue of liberty on the quay are the dominant features. it is an amalgam of quaint old houses, multi-storeyed buildings and Neoclassical mansions (Pyrgelia), interspersed with squares and paarks. In the old part of town the streets are narrow, the houses low and the castle looms large over them and the market. The impressive castle, which stands on the site of the ancient acropolis, was originally built by the Byzantines and subsequently rebuilt by Francesco Gatelouzos in 1373. Nowadays it is one of the largest extant castles in the Mediterranean and one of the best preserved in Greece. Directly opposite the castle is the ancient theatre, dating from Hellenistic times. Very near the theatre are the ruins of a Roman villa in which 3th century AD mosaics were discovered, with scenes from the comedies of menander. north of the teathre sections of the polygonal fortification wall of the Classical period are preserved. There are also remnants of the Classical, Hellenistic and Roman cemeteries. Other places worth visiting include the Turkish hamam (bathhouse in the market) maintained by the municipaality, churches and museums. The most important churches include St. Athanasios (1894) in the town centre and St. Therapon (cathedral) with its eraborately carved wooden iconostastis. In the Archaeological Museum, near the statue of Liberty, finds from excavations in various parts of the island are displayed, as well the mosaics from "Menander's House". The Byzantine Museum has an interesting collection of icons and ecclesastical keimelia. In addition there are:  Folk Art Museum, Museum - Library of Modern Art, Public Library and Lesbian House, arranged on the groung floor of the Marika Vlachou residence. At Vareia, a suburb of Mytilene, is the Tehophilos Museum, bequest of the Lesbian art conoisseur Eleftheriadis (Teriade) who promoted the work of this Greek folk artist on an international scale. Very few notable examples of the many mansions (late 18th - early 19th century) which formerly embellished the town have survived. There are a few on the outskirts, along with the towers (pyrgoi), that is the many-storeyed fortified houses of wealthy bourgeoisie, mainly used for summer vacations.
About 6km. north of Mytilene, at Moria, one can see the remains of a Roman aquaduct (2nd/rd century AD). 1 km. further on, at Pamphila are the "pyrgoi" of the Saltas and Chatzisavvas Families) and yet another 4km. away is Pyrgoi Thermes, so named after the man "pyrgoi" in the area. The village of therme (11 km. from Mytilene) takes its name from the thermal springs there. Inhabited since ancient times, excavations have furnished evidence that Artemis Thermisia was worshipped here. Archaeologists have uncoveered an Early Bronze Age installation (circa 3000-2000 BC), finds from which are on display in the Mytilene museum. The byzantine church of the Virgin Tourloti, built in the 9th or 11th century, also merits a visit. 37km. northwest of Mytilene is Mmantamados where there is a monastery of the Txiarchs (18th/ 19th century) which possesses a rare relief icon of the Archangel Michael. Mantamados is well-known on account of the tradition in pottery making which is still very much alive today. At Aspropotamos, southeast of Manatamados, is the Byzantine church of St. Stephen, the second on Lesbos. Further north, in the Sarakina valley, are the remains of a medieval casstle and beyond here, at Palaiokastro, near the village of Kleo * 6km.) is a ruinedByzantine watch-tower. On the northeast edge of Mytilene is Aghia Paraskevi where there is a Sunday after easter the renowned "feast of the bull" is held here, lasting for three days andincluding horse races, the slaughter of a bull and the distribution of the meat "keskeri" to the region of Mesa where there were sanctuaries of Zeus, Hera Dionysos. The foundations of the Great temple (4th century BC) still exist, along with isolated fragments of marble from the coumns and pediments. At Klopedi there are traces of the Archaic temple of Apollo, while at Chalinadou an early Christian church of St. Paraskevi has been excavated. there is a medieval building at Gefyra Kremasti and, to the south, at Achladeri, lie the ruins of ancient Pyrra which was gradually abandoned in Hellenistic times. Finds from here can be seen in the Archaeological Museum. Northwest of Aghia Paraskevi is Petra (55 km. from Mytilene), built in a beautiful setting on the creek of a large,  sandy bay. Here one should visit the mansion of the Varelitzidaina family, one of the most significant residences on the island, richly decorated and embellished with murals, as well as the churches ofSt. Nicholas (16th century) and the Virgin of Tenderness, built on a rocky eminence 27 m. high, from where there is a wonderful view. 7k. north of Petra is Methymna, one of the most important cities on the island in ancient times. It is also known as Molyvos, the name given it in the Middle Ages and in order to reach it one must cross the plain of Kaaloni, perhaps the most beautiful region on Lesbos. There has been habitation here since Neolithic times and a significant civillisation developed during the Bronze Age (2800-1100 BC). Cultural advancement continued up until the Roman period, which heralded its decline. When Molyvos was taken by the Gatelouzi family in 1355 it experienced a new floriuit. Remnants of the fortification wall of ancient Methymna, originally 2900 m. long, have survived, along with the ancient aquaduct and ruins of an Archaic temple. Finds from the area are housed in the Town Hall. Methymna forms a crescent around the central nucleus of its castle. the streets are narrow, the houses high, and though there are almost no squares, there are numerous fountains decorated in relief and, or course, churches. the most noteworthy ones are that of the Taxiarch (built 1795) and St. Panteleimon (1844). There are also several Neoclassical houses and mansions at Molyvos, including some in excellent condition, such as the Yannakos mansion with its elaborately carved wooden ceilings and that of the Kralli family. Molyvos is a scheduled village. The summer courses of the University Schol of Fine Arts are held here. Since 1981 there has been an Art Gallery in the village. Argyris Eftalios' home was in Molyvos, his tom is in the nearby village of Eftalou (3km. south). Not only is Eftalou one of the loveliest bays on Lesbos, there is a radioactive spring there. South of MEthymna is Kalloni (40 km. northest of Mytilene), also  an important city in ancient times where, apart from the ruins of ancient and Byzantine edifices, ruins of a temple and castleon the height of Xirokastro, south of thetownare preerved. The sheltered bay of Kalloni and its environs is one of the prettiest parts of theisland. 5km. northwest of here is the Leimona monastery, founded in the 15th century and housing a veritable treasury of precious manuscripts, icons and uniquely valuable items of folk art. The Byzantine convent of Myrsiniotissa, established in the 12th century, is situated 3km to the north. Atissa (73 km. from Mytilene) bears the same name as the ancient city destroyed by the Romans in 168 BC. Excavations have brought to light the remants of a sacntuary of Geometric times (9th century BC). 3 km. east of Antissa is the Perivoli monastery in the katholikon of which are 16th century wall paintings and valuable icons, west of Antissa, on mount Ordymnos (511 m.a.s.l.), is the important nunnery of Ypsilos, founded, according to tradition, in the 9th/11th century, in which there is a small museum of icons, manuscripts and embroideries.  Other features of interset in the Antissa region include the vestiges of the ancient city wall near the shore and the ruins of a medieval castle. South of Antissa (88 km. from Mytilene) is Eressos and 4km. further south is its port, Skala Eressos and which has a wonderful beach of golden sand and crystal clear sea. Ruins of ancient Eressos (sections of the polygonal wall) are preserved in teh vicinity of the harbour and there are ruins of Byzantine defenses (towers) on the summit of the hill. The small museum next to the church of St. Andrew is worth a visit since it houses finds from tombs in the ancient cemetery and Early Christian atefacts. The excavated Early Christian church, a basilica, north of Skala Eressos, at Afentelli, dating from the second half of the 5th century AD.From Eressos one can visit the Pytharios monastery and Palaiokastro with itss medieval ruins, Sigri (15km. north of Eressos, built around a lovely cove, rather reminiscent of Cycladic scenery. At the water's edge ar the remants of atiny castle of Turkish times. Sigri is famous for its petrified forest, that is fossilised tree truniks covered by volcanic material over a million years ago. Similar petrfied vegetation can be seen on the islet of Nisiopi.
From Mytilene one can visit regions to the west and south, around the gulf of Geras, where there are many towns and villages. One of the most picturesque of these is Ayasos (28 km. from Mytilene), built amphittheatrically on the lowerslopes of mount Olymbos. Local traditions are fervently adhered to here and attractive ceramics are produced. One should visit the 19th century church of the Virgin, its feast day, celebrated on the 15th August is the largest on the island and lasts three days. There is a small museum of icons and ecclesiastical plate adjacent to the church. Yet another charming town is Polychnitos (45 km. West of Mytilene), a caolescence of several small hamlets built on an eminence with a splendid view of the Aegean and the bay of Kalloni. Plomari (50km. southwest of Mytilene) was originally a quanit little fishing village which has developed into an attriactive town with well-ordered street system and several parks, very popular with tourists. Of especial interest is the village of Vrissa (53km. southwest of Mytilene) with is old houses and cobbled streets. From Vatera (3km. south), the harbour of Vrissa, one can go to cape Aghios Phokas where, beside the church, there are the ruins of the ancient temple of Dionysos, worshipped here in a major sanctuary (1st century BC). Among the features of interest on Lesbos the marble foundtains in the villages, frrequently carved with relief decoration, deserve mention.

There is no problem about where to sim on Lesbos with its seemingly endless beaches, all of which can be reached by bus or caique. There are lovely stretches of sand to the north of Mytilene, as fas Skala Mistegnon, as also at Aghios Ermogenis, which can be reached from Loutra, Methymna, Eftalou, Skala Kallonis. Some of the best beachecs are at Skala Aspropotamos, Petra and elsewhere. All are excellent for fishing and sea sports also. In the island's interior one can mountaineer or shoot pensions, rooms and apartments for rent, bot h in the capital and in its town and villages, where one gaina more authentic picture of island life.
 

 

 Museum Guides for your trip in the area

Macedonia - History, Monumnets, Museums (in English)

Macedonia - History, Monumnets, Museums (in English)
Athens - History, Momuments, Museums (in English)

Athens - History, Momuments, Museums (in English)
National Museum - Illustrated Guide to the Museum (in English)

National Museum - Illustrated Guide to the Museum (in English)
The Acropolis (in English)

The Acropolis (in English)
 
Knossos - A Complete Guide to the Palace of Minos (in English)

Knossos - A Complete Guide to the Palace of Minos (in English)

 Saints' Name days in September

Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday
       
 
1
Beginning of Ecclesiastical Year
Simeon the Stylite
 
2
14th Sunday of Matthew

Mammas the Martyr
3
Labor Day
Anthimos of Nicomedea
4
Babylas the Martyr Moses the Prophet &Godseer
5
Zacharias & Elizabeth
Urban, Theodore, & Medimnos
6
Miracle at Coassai Martyr Calodotus
7
Forefeast Nativity of Theotokkos
Sozon the Martyr.
 
8
Nativity of the Theotokoks

09
Joachim and Anna
Severianos of Sebaste

10
Menodora, Metrodora, Nymphodora, Poulcheria the Empress

11
Theodora of Alexandria
Euphrosynos the Cook
12
Autonomos the Martyr
Coronatus, Bishop of Iconium
13
Forefeast of Elevation of Cross
Memorial of founding Holy
Resurrection of Christ Church
14
Exaaltation of the Holy Cross
15
Nikitas the Great Martyr
Philotheos the Righteous
16
Sunday after Holy Cross
- Euphemia the Great Martyr
- Melitina the Martyr
17
Sophia, Faith, Hope, Love Herakleides & Myron
18
Eumenios, bishop of Goryna
Ariadne the Martyr
19
Trophimos, sabbatios & Dorymedon
Afterfeast of the Holy Cross
20
Eustathios and family
Eustathios, Arb. of Thessolonica
21
Apodosis of the Elevation
Quadratus the Apostle
22
Apodosis of the Elvation
Phocas, Biishop of Sinope
Phocas the Cyprian
 
23
Conception of John the Baptist
24

Thekla the Equal to the Apostles
Silouan of Athos
 
25

Euphrosyne of Alexandria
Paphnoutios & his 546
 
26

Falling Asleep of John the Evangelist and Theolgian
 
 
27

Kallistratos & his 49 Companions
Mark, Aristarchos, & Zenon
28

Chariton the Confessor
Alkeisonus of Nicopolis
29

- Kyriakos of Palestine
- Martyr Petronius
30

Gregory, Bishop of Armenia
Mardonios & Stratonikos.


Icons depicting the celebrated Saint, make great gifts for namedays.
Shop among our great collection of icons at our store. Also available, namedays, birthday, holiday, and special occasion greeting cards.

Gold and Silver Icons Hand Painted Icons Icons by Zafiris
Gold and Silver Icons
 
Hand painted Icons
 
Icons by Zafiris
 
Want to know more about Orthodox Saints?
Complete biographies of Orthodox Saints are now available.
 

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