April 2006 Newsletter - Easter Issue
 This Month 
Watch Your Manners in Greece: Nightlife at the Bouzoukia Special Feature : Easter Rituals
What's New!!!! Featured Destination: Melos 
Saint Namedays in April April's Recipe
Suggestions & Comments Subscription Information
April's Recipe:
Tsoureki (Greek Easter Bread)


 
 
Ingredients:
- 10 cakes / 150g yeast (if using active dry yeast follow manufacturer's instructions
- 13 cups / 1.5kg all-purpose flour
- 1 pinch of salt
- 2oz / 50g cinnamon sticks
- tsp mastic, powdered
- 8 eggs
- 1 3/4 cups / 400g sugar
- 1 generous cup / 250 ml milk
- 1 1/3 cups / 300g butter
- 1 egg yolk
- 1 hard-cooked egg, dyed red
- Sesame seeds or flaked almonds, according to preference
 
Preparation:

Dissolve the yeast in a little luckwarm milk.  Add 5 tablespoons of flour, stir well and leave to stand in a warm place for one hour.  Meanwhile, melt the butter, heat the milk, and leave the both to cool. 

            

Place the cinnamon sticks in a small saucepan, adding enough water to cover them, then bring to a boil and simmer for 10 minutes.  Pour off the liquid and set it aside.

Pour in the melted butter, milk, and cinnamon water.  Beat the eggs and sugar together until frothy and add to the other ingredients.  Mix together thoroughly.  Knead the dough until it is completely smooth, then cover and leave to rise in a warm place for about two hours. 

Preheat the oven to 350F (180C).  Once the dough has doubled in size, punch it down and knead again thoroughly.   

        
Roll out the dough into three long sausage shapes and plait them into a large bun.

        
Place the dough onto a well greased baking sheet and brush with egg yolk.
 
        
Press the red egg into the middle of the plait, sprinkle a few flaked almonds over the top and bake in a preheated oven for about 35-45 minutes until the bread it golden brown.
 
Excerpts from: "Culinaria Greece" by Marianthi Milona

Are you missing some pices and incredients for your recipe?

 
Watch Your Manners In Greece
Nightlife at the Bouzoukia Part I

Continued from March's Issue...

- Odd as it may seem, the Greek bouzoukia and the opera house do have a similarity: we visit both for pleasure and enjoyment. We should acknowledge that they are part of Greece's contemporary nightlife scene, and therefore we should consciously participate in the whole procedure in good spirits. We should avoid arrogantly stating that our public school education and our posh upbringing complete with a German au-pair girl, would never allow us to attend such a show.

- If we are the ones inviting, we also make sure to reserve a table. We do not demand the best table in the front, except if we often go to this specific club or if we are known for our generous monetary contributions and four digit bills. If, however, we stubbornly refuse to sit anywhere else but right at the singer's shoes, then a friend in need is a friend indeed. If a friend is part of the club's "hall of fame," then we may ask for his or her assistance. Of course, our subsequent bill will equal the table's prime location. The person who reserves the table brings the cash.

- Common Greek sense dictates that if there is no one specifically inviting the others, then the bill must be divided among the men seated at the table. We avoid showing our bravado - while intoxicated - at 5 o' clock in the morning, and arguing about who is going to pay the bill. If someone keeps insisting on paying the bill, and he has clear reasons for doing so (for example, he just got promoted - or divorced) then we bow before his wish. If this is the case, the following day we make sure we call and thank him, or send him a present and a card.

- Even though the bouzoukia is one of the last places where male dominion and pre-eminence are exhibited, if a woman insists right from the beginning on paying her share, her request should be accepted. A gentleman should never become a hindrance to the completion of the equality of the two sexes.

- We should make sure that all the ladies have the best seats as close as possible to the stage. A gentleman should opt for cramming himself in so that his lovely date, and the rest of the ladies, may be seated in comfort. If the table is small, and not all the guests fit, then he should remain standing until the matter is resolved.

- The singers deserve our attention. This doesn't mean that we should interrupt them by shouting, nor do we grab the microphone away from them - it's the singer's job to sing. No matter how thrilled we are because of a song or the singer's voice, we shouldn't go on stage just to touch or kiss the artist, nor do we hug him or her to have a picture taken.

- We shouldn't leave before the show is over. If the singers are friends or acquaintances of ours, we may go to their changing rooms afterwards and congratulate them in person.

- We should avoid catapulting flowers while the singer or dancers are performing on stage. They could accidentally step on them and have an unfortunate accident.

- Some frequent customers, before the flower bill arrives - and only if they have ordered many baskets - make special negotiations over their price. They do not, however, negotiate the price of alcohol consumption.

- We always tip the lady who cleans the WCs and the person who parks our car.

- Breaking plates is against the law. Nevertheless, there are still some places where this is done, but it takes a skillful investigator to discover them.

- "A special order" means that a specific song is danced by the person who asked for it. We avoid standing up and dancing while this song is played since Greeks become somewhat "touchy" and personal over such issues.

- We should avoid standing up and blocking the view of others.

- Since these clubs are usually indoors, we ask permission before lighting our cigarette or cigar. We also take care as to not blow our smoke towards the person seated next to us.

                                                              
                                                               ...to be continued


Excerpt from "Watch Your Manners In Greece" by Christos K. Zampounis

 
Special Feature: Easter Rituals

The first full moon of spring heralds the high point of the church year in the Greek Orthodox calendar.  Devout Christians have been fasting for 40 days, in other words going without meat, cheese and eggs.  Even the less devout respect the fasting rules during "Holy Week," the week before Easter Sunday.

It is difficult to say precisely why there is a special magic about the Greek Easter festival.   It is true that spring festivals have been held at this time for the year since pagan times to reawaken the spirits of nature.  Even now, witnessing a Greek spring can be an almost reverential experience and there can scarcely be anyone who does not succumb to its magic.  In the week before Easter, this season of rebirth, people congregate on a daily basis to celebrate with growing anticipation the resurrection of Christ.   During this, the most important festival in the Orthodox Church calendar, any cultural, ethnic, religious, or even culinary differences between the mainland and the Greek islands are forgotten. 

However, this final week in the run-up to Easter is a demanding time for the faithful.  Each day, there is a church service lasting several hours, in which the Stations of the Cross are visited and the Gospels preached.  At home, it is full stream ahead with spring-cleaning and preparing food for the coming festival.  None of the important Easter specialties must be left out: candies, plaited bread rolls, fresh eggs, and drinks must be brought or carefully prepared.  New clothes must be bought for the children.

On the Wednesday before Easter, the church candleholders are sprinkled not as they usually are with sand, but with flour.  After the service, the women bake this into a loaf of bread and have it blessed in church.  Maundy Thursday's preparations focus on dyeing the eggs and the evening mass is very taxing even for the most devout souls.  All the Gospels are read in a service, which seems to go on forever. 

During Thursday night, everyone goes into deep mourning.  The church icons are covered with dark cloths and the might church bells fall silent until Easter Sunday.  The Epitaphios, the symbolic representation of Christ's tomb, which has held pride of place in the church, is garlanded with flowers. 

 

 

On Good Friday evening, it is ceremoniously carried through the village in a magnificent candlelit procession, followed by the priest and the entire congregation.





Finally, Easter Saturday arrives and everyone is occupied with last-minute food preparations as there will be no time left later in the evening.  Everyone proceeds to church with their Easter candles and red-dyed hard-cooked eggs - red to symbolize the blood of Christ.  Prayers and singing continue all through the evening vigil until midnight when the priest announces the words of deliverance: "Christ is risen." 

 



The bells right out, people embrace each other, exchange greetings, and band their red eggs together - whoever's egg lasts longest without cracking will have good luck the following year - before hurrying home for mayiritsa, fresh Easter soup, which is already steaming in anticipation.  Lent is over for another year.    


 

Excerpts from: "Culinaria Greece" by Marianthi Minola


Ideas for your Easter Fasting
The Lenten Collection A Cookbook

The Lenten Collection A Cookbook
The Greek Vegetarian  by Diane Kochilas - Softcover

The Greek Vegetarian by Diane Kochilas - Softcover
 
Palirria Traditional Greek Bean Soup

Palirria Traditional Greek Bean Soup
Stuffed Peppers and Tomatoes with Rice

Stuffed Peppers
and Tomatoes with Rice
Spinach with Rice

Spinach with Rice
Greek Macedonian Halva with Honey

Greek Macedonian Halva with Honey
Greek Dessert Makedonikos Halva Pistachio

Greek Dessert
Makedonikos Halva
Pistachio
Greek Dessert Makedonikos Halva  Cocoa

Greek Dessert
Makedonikos Halva
Cocoa
Greek Dessert Makedonikos Halva With Almonds

Greek Dessert
Makedonikos Halva
With Almonds
Moustokouloura Papadopoulos Grape and Raisin cookies

Moustokouloura Papadopoulos Grape and Raisin cookies

 What's New!!!
 Music & DVDs
Mihalis Hatziyiannis LIVE (2CD) + bonus DVD

Mihalis Hatziyiannis LIVE (2CD) + bonus DVD
Aggeliki Iliadi, Tora Ti Thes

Aggeliki Iliadi, Tora Ti Thes
Eleni Tsaligopoulou, Kathe Telos Ki Arhi

Eleni Tsaligopoulou, Kathe Telos Ki Arhi

 
Sta Tragoudia Pou Sou Grafo - Dalaras George

Sta Tragoudia Pou Sou Grafo - Dalaras George
Afti H Nihta Meni (2CD)

Afti H Nihta Meni (2CD)
Nino, Epireastika

Nino, Epireastika
 
Tania Tsanaklidou, 2 Hronia Meta Live (2CD) live recording 2003-2005

Tania Tsanaklidou, 2 Hronia Meta Live (2CD) live recording 2003-2005
Mihalis Tzouganakis Sth Skia Ton Vrahon Live (2CD) + bonus DVD (PAL)

Mihalis Tzouganakis Sth Skia Ton Vrahon Live (2CD) + bonus DVD (PAL)
Maria Farandouri Sings Manos Hatzidakis

Maria Farandouri Sings Manos Hatzidakis
 
Nikos Gounaris, Dimotika & Nisiotika

Nikos Gounaris, Dimotika & Nisiotika
Nihtoperpatimata 2006

Nihtoperpatimata 2006
Ta Cult...Ourgiarika

Ta Cult...Ourgiarika
Erotevmenos by John Greek 88.6 - 20 Love Ballads

Erotevmenos by John Greek 88.6 - 20 Love Ballads

 
Nihtes Monaxias - 16 Hot Love Trax

Nihtes Monaxias - 16 Hot Love Trax
Hromata

Hromata
Dodeka Ke Mia Maties Sta Dodecanisa

Dodeka Ke Mia Maties Sta Dodecanisa
Manolis Lidakis, Kokkino Akrogiali

Manolis Lidakis, Kokkino Akrogiali
A Choral Festival of Greek Folk Songs

A Choral Festival of Greek Folk Songs
Mediterranean Soul - Contemporary Greek /  World Music

Mediterranean Soul - Contemporary Greek / World Music
My Big Fat Greek Diet : Audio Book (5CDs) by Nick Yphatides, M.D.

My Big Fat Greek Diet : Audio Book (5CDs) by Nick Yphatides, M.D.
 Books & DVDs
The Greek Doctor

The Greek Doctor's Diet by Dr. Fedon Alexander Lindberg
The Wines of Greece by Konstantinos Lazarakis

The Wines of Greece by Konstantinos Lazarakis
 
Ta Tria Gourounakia ( 3 Little Pigs ) Fairy Tale Books in Greek w/ CD

Ta Tria Gourounakia ( 3 Little Pigs ) Fairy Tale Books in Greek w/ CD
 
H Hionati Ke Oi 7 Nani ( Snow White & 7 Dwarfs ) Fairy Tale Books in Greek w/ CD

H Hionati Ke Oi 7 Nani
( Snow White & 7 Dwarfs ) Fairy Tale Books in Greek w/ CD
H Kokkinoskoufitsa ( Little Red Riding Hood ) Fairy Tale Book in Greek w/ CD

H Kokkinoskoufitsa ( Little Red Riding Hood ) Fairy Tale Book in Greek w/ CD
Tragoudane Otan Tha Pao Kira Mou Sto Pazari  DVD (NTSC)

Tragoudane Otan Tha Pao Kira Mou Sto Pazari DVD (NTSC)
Tragoudane Milame Gia Tous Arithmous DVD (NTSC)

Tragoudane Milame Gia Tous Arithmous DVD (NTSC)
Alaloum (1980

Alaloum (1980's) DVD (PAL)
 
Greek Music Sampler Collection - 10 Cassettes

Greek Music Sampler Collection - 10 Cassettes
 
 New Additions!
Faros Natural Traditional Olive Oil Soap 100g

Faros Natural Traditional Olive Oil Soap 100g
Faros Natural Traditional Olive Oil Soap 125g

Faros Natural Traditional Olive Oil Soap 125g
Faros Natural Traditional Olive Oil Soap 200g

Faros Natural Traditional Olive Oil Soap 200g
Koukla Swarovski Rhinestone Black Fleece Pants

Koukla Swarovski Rhinestone Black Fleece Pants
Memorial Decorative Candy for Kolyva Macaroni Shape Approx. 4oz.

Memorial Decorative Candy for Kolyva Macaroni Shape Approx. 4oz.
Papadopoulos Greek Cookies with cinnamon and apple flavor

Papadopoulos Greek Cookies with cinnamon and apple flavor
Papadopoulos Greek Cookies with Sesame

Papadopoulos Greek Cookies with Sesame
Papadopoulos Lemon Cookies

Papadopoulos Lemon Cookies
   
 Traditional Greek Costumes for Adults
Traditional Greek Costume Belt
Traditional Greek Costume Belt
Traditional Greek Costume Coin Necklace
Traditional Greek Costume Coin Necklace
Blue Evzonas Man Costume Style 217903
Blue Evzonas Man Costume Style 217903
 
Amalia Costume Style 217002
Amalia Costume Style 217002
Black Tsolias Costume for Men Style 217101
Black Tsolias Costume for Men Style 217101
Souliotisa Costume for Women Style 217102
Souliotisa Costume for Women Style 217102
Cephalonian Man Costume Style 217202
Cephalonian Man Costume Style 217202
 
Eptanisa Man Costume Style 217203
Eptanisa Man Costume
Style 217203
Cephalonian Woman Costume Style 217204
Cephalonian Woman Costume Style 217204
Corfu Woman Costume Style 217301
Corfu Woman Costume
Style 217301
Mykonos Woman Costume Style 217302
Mykonos Woman Costume Style 217302
Crete Woman Costume Style 217401
Crete Woman Costume Style 217401
Crete Man Costume Style 217402
Crete Man Costume

Style 217402
Crete Man Costume Style 217403
Crete Man Costume

Style 217403
Pontos Man Costume Style 217501
Pontos Man Costume

Style 217501

 
Pontos Woman Costume Style 217502
Pontos Woman Costume Style 217502
Kapadokia Woman Costume Style 217601
Kapadokia Woman

Costume Style 217601
Kapadokia Man Costume Style 217602
Kapadokia Man Costume

Style 217602
 
Chios Island Pirgi Costume for Women Style 217701
Chios Island Pirgi Costume for Women Style 217701

 
Aegean Islands Woman Costume Style 217801
Aegean Islands Woman Costume Style 217801
Aegean Islands Man Costume Style 217802
Aegean Islands Man Costume Style 217802
Cyclades Woman Costume Style 217803
Cyclades Woman Costume Style 217803

 
Black Evzonas Man Costume Style 217903
Black Evzonas Man Costume Style 217903
Red Evzonas Man Costume Style 217911
Red Evzonas Man Costume Style 217911
Florina Man Costume Style 218001
Florina Man Costume

Style 218001
Macedonia Woman Costume Style 218002
Macedonia Woman Costume Style 218002
Veria Woman Costume Style 218101
Veria Woman Costume Style 218101
Asia Minor Woman Costume Style 218102
Asia Minor Woman Costume Style 218102
Stera Hellas Costume Style 218201
Stera Hellas Costume

Style 218201
Karagouna Woman Costume Style 218301
Karagouna Woman Costume Style 218301

 
Sarakatsanos Costume for Men Style 218402
Sarakatsanos Costume for Men Style 218402

 
Sarakatsana Costume for Women Style 218403
Sarakatsana Costume for Women Style 218403

 
Vlach Woman Costume Style 218501
Vlach Woman Costume

Style 218501
Vlach Man Costume Style 218502
Vlach Man Costume

Style 218502
Thrace Woman Costume Style 218601
Thrace Woman Costume Style 218601

 
Thrace Man Costume Style 218602
Thrace Man Costume

Style 218602
Epirus Man Costume Style 218701
Epirus Man Costume

Style 218701
Epirus Woman Costume Style 218702
Epirus Woman Costume

Style 218702
Epirus Zista Woman Costume Style 218801
Epirus Zista Woman Costume Style 218801
Epirus Woman Costume Style 229102
Epirus Woman Costume

Style 229102
 
Cyclades Man Costume Style 229103
Cyclades Man Costume

Style 229103
Roumeli Costume for Women Style 229105
Roumeli Costume for Women Style 229105
Tsolias Costume for Men Style 229107
Tsolias Costume for Men

Style 229107
Sarakatsanos Costume for Men Style 229108
Sarakatsanos Costume for Men Style 229108

 
Crete Man Costume Style 299109
Crete Man Costume

Style 299109
Crete Woman Costume Style 300019
Crete Woman Costume

Style 300019
Metaxades Woman Costume Style 330017
Metaxades Woman Costume Style 330017
North Aegean Islands Woman Costume Style 641010
North Aegean Islands Woman Costume Style 641010

 
 Traditional Greek Costumes for Children
Ancient Greek Girl Costume for ages 4-14 Style 203701
Ancient Greek Girl Costume for ages 4-14 Style 203701
Miaoulis Costume for Boys ages 4-14 Style 218903
Miaoulis Costume for Boys ages 4-14 Style 218903
Souliotisa Costume for Girls ages 4-14 Style 218915
Souliotisa Costume for Girls ages 4-14 Style 218915
Grey Pontos Costume for Boys ages 6-16 Style 300010
Grey Pontos Costume for Boys ages 6-16 Style 300010
Black Pontos Costume for Boys ages 6-16 Style 300011
Black Pontos Costume for Boys ages 6-16 Style 300011
Pontia Costume for Girls ages 6-16 Style 300012
Pontia Costume for Girls ages 6-16 Style 300012
Maniatis Costume for Boys ages 6-16 Style 300013
Maniatis Costume for Boys ages 6-16 Style 300013
Maniatisa Costume for Girls ages 6-16 Style 300014
Maniatisa Costume for Girls ages 6-16 Style 300014
Thrace Woman Costume for Girls ages 6-16 Style 300015
Thrace Woman Costume for Girls ages 6-16 Style 300015
Thrace Man Costume for Boys ages 6-16 Style 300016
Thrace Man Costume for Boys ages 6-16 Style 300016
Corfu Girl Costume for ages 6-16 Style 300017
Corfu Girl Costume for ages 6-16 Style 300017

 
Crete Girl Costume for ages 6-14 Style 300019
Crete Girl Costume for ages 6-14 Style 300019
Grey Pontos Costume for Boys ages 2-6 Style 301010
Grey Pontos Costume for Boys ages 2-6 Style 301010
Black Pontos Costume for Boys ages 2-6 Style 301011
Black Pontos Costume for Boys ages 2-6 Style 301011
Amalia Costume for Girls ages 6-16 Style 310002
Amalia Costume for Girls ages 6-16 Style 310002
Tsolias Costume for Boys ages 6-16 Style 310003
Tsolias Costume for Boys ages 6-16 Style 310003
Amalia Costume for Girls ages 2-6 Style 311002
Amalia Costume for Girls ages 2-6 Style 311002
Thrace Girl Metaxades Costume for ages 6-14 Style 330017
Thrace Girl Metaxades Costume for ages 6-14 Style 330017
North Aegean Islands Girl Costume for ages 6-14 Style 641010
North Aegean Islands Girl Costume for ages 6-14 Style 641010
Vlach Girl Costume for ages 4-14 Style 643002
Vlach Girl Costume for ages 4-14 Style 643002
Crete Girl Costume for ages 4-14 Style 643005
Crete Girl Costume for

ages 4-14 Style 643005
 
Hellas Costume for Girls ages 4-14 Style 643008
Hellas Costume for Girls ages 4-14 Style 643008
Athanasios Diakos Costume for Boys ages 4-14 Style 644002
Athanasios Diakos Costume for Boys ages 4-14 Style 644002
Sarakatsanos Costume for Boys ages 4-14 Style 644003
Sarakatsanos Costume for Boys ages 4-14 Style 644003
Cretan Boy Costume for ages 4-14 Style 644005
Cretan Boy Costume for

ages 4-14 Style 644005
 
Epirus Costume for Boys ages 4-14 Style 644007
Epirus Costume for Boys

ages 4-14 Style 644007
Ancient Greek Boy Costume for ages 3-10 Style 644011
Ancient Greek Boy Costume for ages 3-10 Style 644011
Maniatisa Costume for Girls ages 4-14 Style 243905
Maniatisa Costume for Girls ages 4-14 Style 243905
Sarakatsanos Costume for Boys ages 6-14 Style 229108
Sarakatsanos Costume for Boys ages 6-14 Style 229108
Crete Boy Costume for ages 6-14 Style 229109
Crete Boy Costume for

ages 6-14 Style 229109
 
Epirus Girl Costume for ages 6-14 Style 229102
Epirus Girl Costume for

ages 6-14 Style 229102
 
Bouboulina Costume for Girls ages 4-14 Style 216909
Bouboulina Costume for Girls ages 4-14 Style 216909
Souliotisa Costume for Girls ages 6-14 Style 217102
Souliotisa Costume for Girls ages 6-14 Style 217102
Cephalonian Boy Costume for ages 6-14 Style 217202
Cephalonian Boy Costume for ages 6-14 Style 217202
Eptanisa Boy Costume for ages 6-14 Style 217203
Eptanisa Boy Costume for ages 6-14 Style 217203

 
Cephalonian Girl Costume for ages 6-14 Style 217204
Cephalonian Girl Costume for ages 6-14 Style 217204
Mykonos Girl Costume for ages 6-14 Style 217302
Mykonos Girl Costume for ages 6-14 Style 217302

 
Crete Girl Costume for ages 6-14 Style 217401
Crete Girl Costume for

ages 6-14 Style 217401
 
Crete Boy Costume for ages 6-14 Style 217402
Crete Boy Costume for

ages 6-14 Style 217402
Crete Boy Costume for ages 6-14 Style 217403
Crete Boy Costume for

ages 6-14 Style 217403
 
Pontos Boy Costume for ages 6-14 Style 217501
Pontos Boy Costume for

ages 6-14 Style 217501
 
Pontos Girls Costume for ages 6-14 Style 217502
Pontos Girls Costume for ages 6-14 Style 217502

 
Kapadokia Girl Costume for ages 6-14 Style 217601
Kapadokia Girl Costume for ages 6-14 Style 217601
Kapadokia Boy Costume for ages 6-14 Style 217602
Kapadokia Boy Costume for ages 6-14 Style 217602
Chios Islant Prigi Costume for Girls ages 6-14 Style 217701
Chios Islant Prigi Costume for Girls ages 6-14 Style 217701
Aegean Islands Girl Costume for ages 6-14 Style 217801
Aegean Islands Girl Costume for ages 6-14 Style 217801
Aegean Islands Boy Costume for ages 6-14 Style 217802
Aegean Islands Boy Costume for ages 6-14 Style 217802
Cyclades Girl Costume for ages 6-14 Style 217803
Cyclades Girl Costume for ages 6-14 Style 217803

 
Florina Costume for Boys ages 6-14 Style 218001
Florina Costume for Boys ages 6-14 Style 218001
Macedonia Girl Costume for ages 6-14 Style 218002
Macedonia Girl Costume for ages 6-14 Style 218002
Cyclades Girl Costume for ages 6-14 Style 217803
Cyclades Girl Costume for ages 6-14 Style 217803

 
Florina Costume for Boys ages 6-14 Style 218001
Florina Costume for Boys ages 6-14 Style 218001
Macedonia Girl Costume for ages 6-14 Style 218002
Macedonia Girl Costume for ages 6-14 Style 218002

 
Veria Girl Costume for ages 6-14 Style 218101
Veria Girl Costume for ages 6-14 Style 218101
Asia Minor Girl Costume for ages 6-14 Style 218102
Asia Minor Girl Costume for ages 6-14 Style 218102

 
Sterea Hellas Costume for Girls ages 6-14 Style 218201
Sterea Hellas Costume for Girls ages 6-14 Style 218201
Karaguana Costume for Girls ages 6-14 Style 218301
Karaguana Costume for Girls ages 6-14 Style 218301
Sarakatsanos Costume for Boys ages 6-14 Style 218402
Sarakatsanos Costume for Boys ages 6-14 Style 218402
Sarakatsana Costume for Girls ages 6-14 Style 218403
Sarakatsana Costume for Girls ages 6-14 Style 218403
Vlach Girl Costume for ages 6-14 Style 218501
Vlach Girl Costume for ages 6-14 Style 218501

 
Vlach Boy Costume for ages 6-14 Style 218502
Vlach Boy Costume for

ages 6-14 Style 218502
 
Thrace Girl Costume for ages 6-14 Style 218601
Thrace Girl Costume for ages 6-14 Style 218601

 
Thrace Boy Costume for ages 6-14 Style 218602
Thrace Boy Costume for

ages 6-14 Style 218602
 
Epirus Boy Costume for ages 6-14 Style 218701
Epirus Boy Costume for

ages 6-14 Style 218701
 
Epirus Girl Costume for ages 6-14 Style 218702
Epirus Girl Costume for

ages 6-14 Style 218702
 
Zista Girl Costume for ages 6-14 Style 218801
Zista Girl Costume for

ages 6-14 Style 218801
 
Cyclades Boy Costume for ages 6-14 Style 229103
Cyclades Boy Costume for ages 6-14 Style 229103

 
Roumeli Costume for Girls ages 6-14 Style 229105
Roumeli Costume for Girls ages 6-14 Style 229105
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  Featured Destination: Melos

GEOGRAPHY. Melos differs from the other isles of the Western Cyclades on account of its volcanic geomorphology, to which it owes its mineral resources. Surface area 151 sq. km., length of coast 126 km., distance from Piraeus 86 nautical miles. There are both car and passenger ferries from Piraeus, connections with Siphnos, Seriphos and Kimolos, via the route Piraeus-Kavala, with Pholegandros, Anaphi, Santorini, Aghios Nikolaos and Siteia in Crete, the Dodecanese and the islands of the east and north Aegean (once a week throughout the year). There is a local link with Kimolos and, during the summer, with Siphnos. Last but not least, there are flights from Athens. The island's capital is Melos (Plaka) and its population of 4,554 is engaged in agriculture, fishing and trade. The climate is mild, vegetation quite rich, the landscape lovely and there are plenty of sandy beaches beside its clear sea. There are good tourist facilities capable of providing services for many holidaymakers, attracted by its scenery, places of interest and the quiet island life of its attractive villages.

HISTORY. Melos holds an outstanding place in the history of the Aegean area in general. Inhabited since prehistoric times, it attained pre-eminence during the period of the Cycladic civilization. Tools and artefacts of Melian obsidian have been found not only in the Cyclades but also in Crete, indicating the island's advanced development. Around the middle of the 2nd millennium BC it came within the Minoan sphere of influence and not long afterwards Mycenaeans settled here, to be followed by Dorian colonists in around 1000 B.C. Melos fought in the Persian Wars but because of its insistence on neutrality during the Peloponnesian War the Athenians launched two punitive campaigns against it, laying waste the land, decimating the male population and putting the women and children in bondage. Ten years elapsed before the island was resettled. In Hellenistic times it belonged to the Macedonians, heralding a new era of prosperity, based on the export of its mineral wealth. This acme is verified by such artistic creations as the Aphrodite (Venus) of Melos and the statue of Poseidon. There followed the Roman occupation and then the Byzantine era when it was harassed by pirates. At about this time (circa 800 AD) the area of Kastro was inhabited, being rebuilt later by the Venetians, who governed Melos under the Franks. It was sacked by Barbarossa in 1537 and later subjugated by the Turks. Throughout the Turkish occupation its harbor was a refuge for corsairs. Melos played an active role in the Struggle for Independence and was liberated along with the rest of the Cyclades. In 1853 Sfakiotes from Crete settled here, establishing its present port, Adamas.

SIGHTS-MONUMENTS. Melos' unusual shape is a consequence of volcanic activity in the depths of the harbour at Adamas. This is one of the largest natural harbours in the Mediterranean and the small town on its creek with its snow-white houses and cobbled streets is a hub of tourism and commerce. The important church of the Holy Trinity with its valuable icons is located here. Plaka, the island's main town, stands on a hill above the harbour (4.5 km.), its characteristic Cycladic houses commanding a unique view of the Aegean. It is dominated by the mass of its castle, to which the cobbled streets lead up beneath archways. The churches of the Virgin Thalassitria and St. Eleousa are preserved. Housed in the local Museum are notable finds from Neolithic times to the present, outstanding among which are the Cycladic figurines, obsidian tools and artefacts. The Folk Museum is housed in a 19th century building, along witha creditable library. From the top of the castle one can survey the villages of Trypiti, Triovasalos and Pera Triovasalos. 2 km. south of Plaka is Klima, site of the ancient city of Melos in historical times, where sections of the fortification wall (6th - 5th century BC) have been revealed in excavation, as well as the auditorium of the theatre near Treis Ekklesies. Here too there are remains of an Early Christian baptistery and a three-aisled basilica, near which the site of the ancient stadium has been located. It was in this area that the statue of the Venus of Melos (now in the Louvre) was recovered in 1820. 7th century BC pottery has also been found here, as well as a number of so-called Melian vases with polychrome representations in the Orientalising style.

In 1840 the famous Katakomves (catacombs) were uncovered at Klima, counterparts of those in Rome and the only monuments of that kind. They consist of a system of underground passages 180 m. long and divided into three unequal sectors. Dated to the 3rd and 4th century AD, they were a place of asylum for the first Christians and also the place where they buried their dead. Indeed some 2000 bodies were laid to rest in graves along the passages and recesses. It is not possible to visit the catacombs. 12 km. east of Plaka is the village of Apollonia or Pollonia with its lovely seashore. Some 3-4 km. before this village is the prehistoric city of Phylakopi where excavations have brought to light three successive levels dated, on the basis of the finds, to the Early Cycladic (City I) Middle Cycladic (City II) and Mycenaean (City III) period, the latter with its palace and fortified enclosure. Finds from this general area (mainly pottery and obsidian) have considerably augmented our knowledge of the Early Cycladic civilization. Beneath the ancient city are the three Papafranga caves, formerly a pirates' lair. Southeast of Adamas (8 km.) is the village of Zefyria on the desolate site of Palaiochora which was abandoned at the end of the 18th century. To the north of the village is the ruined church of Christ, as well as the deserted, fortress-like monastery of the Virgin Kastriani. The churches of the Virgin Portiani (in which sections of wall-paintings are preserved) and St. Charalambos are of 17th century date. Among the island's Byzantine monuments is the church of the virgin at Kipos (5th century), while one of the oldest monasteries is that of St. Marina at Chalakas. The beach at Chivadolimni (8 km. from Adamas) is perhaps the most beautiful on the island. There are holiday villages at Palaiochori and Emboreio. All the beaches around the bay of Melos are delightful, as are those at Apollonia, Provatas and Mandrakia. There are therapeutic springs at Adamas, in the gulf of Provatas and at Alyki. On the southwest side of the island, below the monastery of St. John, is the Smaragdenia cave (Emerald cave) or Sykia, where the sunbeams filter through part of the roof, creating emerald reflections in the calm waters of the grotto. In the cliffs further south (3 miles) are the caves known as Thalassina Meteora or Kleftiko from which pirates launched their raids.

Fringing the north coast of the island are diverse rocky islets of volcanic origin (Akrathi, Arouda, Erimomilos), while in the vicinity of Pollonia there are the Glaronisia, one of nature's rarest and most impressive creations. They are formed of symmetrical, hexagonal columns of basalt, vertically or obliquely aligned and up to 20 m. high. To sail between them in a boat or caique is a truly memorable experience. For those with a boat there are several other wonderful beaches (Chivadolimni, Emboreio, Provatas) and nearby islets and there is a refueling station for yachts at Adamas. Visitors may choose accommodation in hotels, rooms or furnished apartments.
 

 

 Travel Guides and Information for your trip in the area


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 Saints' Namedays in April

Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday
   
 
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Sunday of St. John Climacus

 
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Sunday of St. Mary of Egypt
 
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Lazarus Saturday
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Holy Monday
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Holy Tuesday
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Holy Wednesday
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Holy Thursday

 
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Holy Friday
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Holy Saturday

 
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Great and Holy Pashca
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Fast Free


 
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Fast Free
Reneal Tues.

 
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Fast Free
 
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Fast Free


 
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Fast Free
Renewal Fri.
 
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Fast Free
 
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Thomas Sunday
 


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